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How does Zolpidem work?
Stilnox tablets contain the active ingredient Zolpidem, which is a type of medicine called a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic. It acts in the brain to aid sleep.
Zolpidem works by acting on receptors in the brain called GABA receptors, specifically the GABA-A receptors. This causes the release of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the brain.
GABA is a neurotransmitter that acts as a natural ‘nerve-calming’ agent. It helps keep the nerve activity in the brain in balance, and is involved in inducing sleepiness, reducing anxiety and relaxing muscles.
Zolpidem can be used as a short-term treatment for insomnia.This includes difficulty falling asleep, waking in the night, waking early in the morning and sleeping problems that are causing severe distress.
Zolpidem decreases the time taken to fall asleep and night-time awakenings, as well as increasing the total amount of time spent sleeping. However, it is only suitable for short-term treatment of insomnia (up to four weeks), as when used for longer periods it has a potential for dependence and addiction.
The medicine should be taken just before going to bed at night, or in bed.
What is Zolpidem used for?
• Short-term treatment of insomnia.
• This medicine causes drowsiness and impairs concentration and alertness. These effects may continue into the following day and are made worse by drinking alcohol. If you are affected you should avoid potentially hazardous tasks such as driving or operating machinery. Do not drink alcohol when taking this medicine.
• You should only take this medicine before going to bed at night. If you forget to take it at bedtime don’t take it at any other time, or you may end up feeling drowsy, dizzy and confused during the day.