What is the medical definition of diabetes?

People with diabetes either don't make insulin, or their body's cells can no longer use the insulin, leading to high blood sugars. By definition, diabetes is having a blood glucose level of greater than or equal to 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) after an eight-hour fast (not eating anything) or by having a non-fasting glucose level greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL along with symptoms of diabetes, or a glucose level of greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL on a two-hour glucose tolerance test, or an A1c greater than or equal to 6.5%. Unless the person is having obvious symptoms of diabetes or is in a diabetic crisis, the diagnosis must be confirmed with a repeat test.

Diabetes Drugs

The following are some of the diabetes drugs available in the U.S.:

  • Acarbose (Precose)
  • Albiglutide (Tanzeum)
  • Alogliptin (Nesina)
  • Alogliptin and metformin (Kazano)
  • Alogliptin and pioglitazone (Oseni)
  • Bromocriptine mesylate (Cycloset, Parlodel)
  • Canagliflozin (Invokana)
  • Canagliflozin and metformin (Invokamet)
  • Dapagliflozin (Farxiga)
  • Dapagliflozin and metformin (Xigduo XR)
  • Dulaglutide (Trulicity)
  • Empagliflozin (Jardiance)
  • Empagliflozin and linagliptin (Glyxambi)
  • Empagliflozin and metformin (Synjardy)
  • Exenatide Byetta)
  • Glimepiride (Amaryl)
  • Glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase)
  • Glyburide and metformin (Glucovance)
  • Insulin aspart (NovoLog)
  • Insulin degludec (Tresiba)
  • Insulin glargine (Basaglar, Lantus, Toujeo)
  • Insulin Isophane (Humulin N, Novolin N)
  • Insulin Isophane/ regular insulin (Humulin 70/30, Novolin 70/30)
  • Insulin lispro (Humalog)
  • Linagliptin (Tradjenta)
  • Liraglutide (Victoza)
  • Metformin (Glucophage)
  • Miglitol (Glyset)
  • Nateglinide (Starlix)
  • Pioglitazone (Actos)
  • Repaglinide (Prandin)
  • Rosiglitazone Avandia)
  • Rosiglitazone and glimepiride (Avandaryl)
  • Rosiglitazone and metformin (Avandamet)
  • Saxagliptin (Onglyza)
  • Semaglutide (Ozempic)
  • Sitagliptin (Januvia)

Ref. https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/qa/what-is-the-medical-definition-of-diabetes, https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/diabetes-medications

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